Founded in 1889 by a group of intellectuals led by Giosuè Carducci and erected in Moral Agency by Royal Decree of 18 July 1893, n. 347, is intended to "protect and promote the Italian language and culture in the world, reviving the spiritual ties of compatriots abroad with the mother country and nurturing among foreigners love and worship for Italian culture."
For the achievement of its aims, by means of the Committees abroad "Dante Alighieri" establish and subsidize schools, libraries, clubs and courses in Italian language and culture, spreading books and publications, promotes conferences, cultural tours and art exhibitions and musical , awards prizes and scholarships; by means of the Committees in Italy participates in activities designed to improve and expand the culture of the nation and promotes each event aimed to illustrate the importance of the spread of the language, the culture and the creations of Italian genius and labor.
In Italy there are 87 committees, distributed in almost all the provinces: they organize over 130 courses in Italian language and culture, attended by more than six thousand students, and promote competitions reserved for students and twinned with the Committees operating in other countries.
It is mainly abroad that the initiatives of the Dante Alighieri Society can boast numbers that are clear testimony of the commitment started way back in 1889, the Committees around the world are 423, common in some sixty countries and take care of the activities of approximately 8,698 courses Italian language and culture in which they are enrolled more than 195,000 student members. The "Dante" then ensures the presence of the Italian book by 300 libraries scattered in every part of the planet and include more than five hundred thousand volumes.